Why is the transport system responsible for CO2 and greenhouse gas emissions?
CO2 emissions are produced each time fuel containing carbon is burned, that is, fossil fuels that also allow us to travel. The substantial growth of the mobility of people and goods makes the problem of transport emissions relevant, especially in view of the impact on urban areas. The air quality of residential areas, in fact, is compromised not only by carbon dioxide, but also by other pollutants such as carbon monoxide, volatile organic compounds (especially benzene), nitrogen oxides and particulate matter.
The excessive CO2 production also leads to environmental damage: it jeopardizes the existence of ozone and causes a greater concentration of sunlight, contributing to raising the global temperature. This is why it is called “greenhouse gas”: CO2 transforms our world into a large greenhouse with harmful effects on us.
But how do you measure the amount of CO2 produced by transport? Carbon footprint helps us to do it. It is an environmental indicator that measures the impact of human activities on the environment. In this case, it represents the amount of greenhouse gas emissions generated during the transport of your goods. In accordance to the Kyoto Protocol, the greenhouse gases to be considered are carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) and perfluorocarbons (PFCs).